## 2022年  第50卷  第8期

2022, 50(8): 1-8.

2022, 50(8): 937-953. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(22)60002-1

The co-combustion of the low-rank coal with coal derived semi-coke is of great significance to solve the urgent problem of excessively produced semi-coke in China. In this research, the oxy-fuel co-combustion characteristics of Zhundong sub-bituminous coal with bituminous coal derived semi-coke are systematically investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. Compared with air combustion, oxy-fuel atmosphere increased the ignition and burnout temperature by 10 and 40 °C, respectively. Increasing the oxygen concentration to 30% strongly compensated for the slight reduction of the combustion parameters under oxy-fuel condition and much better co-combustion performance was obtained. Three iso-conversional methods, namely, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO), Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Starink, were applied to estimate the activation energy, which can be divided into two stages during the co-combustion process. The average activation energy of sub-bituminous coal, the blend and semi-coke were 49.31, 50.82 and 59.00 kg/mol, respectively. Further, the pre-exponential factor and thermodynamic parameters of the enthalpy change, Gibbs free energy change and entropy change were calculated. Interaction indices were innovatively used for both kinetic-thermodynamic parameters and DTG values. An obvious interaction can be observed during the co-combustion process. The kinetic and thermodynamic results demonstrated that the 30% semi-coke ratio was beneficial to co-combustion. Meanwhile, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and ash fusion analyses proved that the slagging tendency of sub-bituminous coal ash reduced by blending of semi-coke.

2022, 50(8): 974-983. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(22)60001-X

2022, 50(8): 993-1003. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022014

2022, 50(8): 1023-1033. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(22)60006-9

Metal oxide-zeolite (OX-ZEO) bifunctional catalysts have been shown to have excellent aromatic selectivity and catalytic stability in syngas conversion; however, low CO conversion hinders their further development. In this paper, a series of In-ZrO2 bi-metallic oxides with In/Zr molar ratio ranging of 1/100−1/1 were prepared. After thoroughly investigated by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, pyridine-adsorbed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance and temperature programmed desorption technologies, we found that introduction of indium has significantly influence on the catalytic performance due to the variation of sample’s physicochemical properties. Indium species was benefit to the dissociation of H2 that promotes CO activation. Nevertheless, it also induced the formation of more CH4. In-ZrO2 oxide with In/Zr ratio of 1/50 showed CO conversion of 18.2% with the selectivity of oxygenates of 86.4%. After combined with H-ZSM-5, In/Zr=1/50&H-ZSM-5 gave CO conversion of 46.5% with ${\rm{C}}_{5+}$ selectivity of 62.6% and the aromatic selectivity in ${\rm{C}}_{5+}$ reached 93.4%. However, the catalytic stability of this bifunctional catalyst was gradually decreased due to the aggregation of indium atoms.

2022, 50(8): 1075-1083. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022021