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二氧化碳在聚氨酯中的资源化应用

李晓云 李其峰 赵雨花 亢茂青 王军威

李晓云, 李其峰, 赵雨花, 亢茂青, 王军威. 二氧化碳在聚氨酯中的资源化应用[J]. 燃料化学学报. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(21)60145-7
引用本文: 李晓云, 李其峰, 赵雨花, 亢茂青, 王军威. 二氧化碳在聚氨酯中的资源化应用[J]. 燃料化学学报. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(21)60145-7
LI Xiao-yun, LI Qi-feng, ZHAO Yu-hua, KANG Mao-qing, WANG Jun-wei. Utilization of carbon dioxide in polyurethane[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(21)60145-7
Citation: LI Xiao-yun, LI Qi-feng, ZHAO Yu-hua, KANG Mao-qing, WANG Jun-wei. Utilization of carbon dioxide in polyurethane[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(21)60145-7

二氧化碳在聚氨酯中的资源化应用

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5813(21)60145-7
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52003286),山西省青年基金(201901D211586),山西省重点研发计划项目(201903D121104)和兰州市科技计划项目(2020-2-2)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李晓云:lixiaoyun@sxicc.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    Tel: 13934212841,E-mail: wangjw@sxicc.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: O633;O643

Utilization of carbon dioxide in polyurethane

Funds: The research was supported by Chinese National Natural Science Foundation(52003286), Shanxi Province Science Foundation for Youths (201901D211586), Key Research and Development Program of Shanxi Province (201903D121104) and Science and Technology program of Lanzhou City(2020-2-2)
  • 摘要: 随着现代社会的快速发展,人们对能源的需求与日俱增,目前发展中国家仍以化石燃料为主要能源投入,其燃烧产生的二氧化碳排放带来的温室效应和环境问题已引起举世关注。因此,通过对二氧化碳进行捕集、封存与转化利用,实现碳减排和碳中和目标成为目前研究的热点。其中,二氧化碳基高分子材料的制备在实现二氧化碳资源化利用的同时,也为聚合物的绿色生产提供了新思路。基于此,本文综述了二氧化碳在聚氨酯中的资源化利用现状,着重对其在材料中的物理、化学应用进行了阐述,并详细介绍了在转化利用过程中的制备技术和方法。
  • 图  1  以CO2为原料合成有机化合物的反应[16]

    Figure  1  Synthesis of organic compounds from CO2[16]

    图  2  CO2加成物发泡剂化学结构

    Figure  2  Chemical structure of CO2 adducts for polyurethane foams

    图  3  超临界CO2中Fe(CF3SO3)3吸收和电导率随浸泡时间的变化[26]

    Figure  3  Variation of Fe(CF3SO3)3 uptake and conductivity with soak time in SCCO2[26]

    图  4  PO与CO2共聚反应

    Figure  4  Copolymerization of PO and CO2

    图  5  卟啉铬催化剂结构式

    Figure  5  Chemical structure of (TPP)CrX catalyst

    图  6  Zn3[Co (CN)6]2x ZnCl2 • y CA • z H2O催化剂的制备过程[50]

    Figure  6  Preparation process of Zn3[Co (CN)6]2x ZnCl2 • y CA • z H2O catalyst[50]

    图  7  快速链转移反应示意图[52]

    Figure  7  Schematic diagram of rapid chain transfer reaction[52]

    图  8  环氧化物与CO2共聚反应可能存在的机理[64]

    Figure  8  Possible mechanism suggested for the copolymerisation of epoxy compound and CO2[64]

    图  9  碱金属卤化物催化下不同CO2压力可能存在的反应路径[84]

    Figure  9  Possible reaction paths under different CO2 pressures catalyzed by alkali metal halides[84]

    图  10  季鎓三溴盐结构示意图

    Figure  10  Scheme of quaternary onium tribromide

    图  11  SalenCo(Ⅲ)X类聚合物催化剂[89]

    Figure  11  Polymer catalyst from SalenCo(Ⅲ)X[89]

    图  12  环碳酸酯合成反应过程示意图[93]

    Figure  12  Diagram of the synthesis of cyclocarbonate[93]

    图  13  LiBr/γ-Al2O3催化剂上E51与CO2的反应机理[95]

    Figure  13  A plausible mechanism of cycloaddition of CO2 with E51[95]

    图  14  聚氨酯体系中引入的分子内氢键结构

    Figure  14  Intramolecular hydrogen bond structures introduced in polyurethane

    图  15  氮丙啶与二氧化碳的共聚反应

    Figure  15  Copolymerization of aziridine with CO2

    图  16  CO2与环氧化合物、异氰酸酯化合物共聚反应制备PPCPU

    *PPC代表CO2与环氧丙烷共聚产物聚丙撑碳酸酯

    Figure  16  Preparation of PPCPU by copolymerization of CO2, epoxy compound and isocyanate compound

    表  1  不同发泡剂的软质聚氨酯泡沫制品性能对比[20]

    Table  1  Comparison of performances of flexible polyurethane foams with different foaming agents[20]

    Physical performances CO2 CFC-11
    Density/kg·m−3 16 16
    Tensile strength/kPa 75.6 67.8
    Elongation/% 241.2 176.6
    Resilience rate/% 46.5 38.9
    75% compression deformation /%(≯) 4.3 6.7
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-07
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