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生物质热解气中含氮化合物形成与控制的研究进展

王凤超 朱虹宇 阴秀丽 徐彬 李伟振 刘华财

王凤超, 朱虹宇, 阴秀丽, 徐彬, 李伟振, 刘华财. 生物质热解气中含氮化合物形成与控制的研究进展[J]. 燃料化学学报(中英文). doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2023090
引用本文: 王凤超, 朱虹宇, 阴秀丽, 徐彬, 李伟振, 刘华财. 生物质热解气中含氮化合物形成与控制的研究进展[J]. 燃料化学学报(中英文). doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2023090
WANG Fengchao, ZHU Hongyu, YIN Xiuli, XU Bin, LI Weizhen, LIU Huacai. The research progress of formation and control on the N-containing compound of biomass pyrolysis gas[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2023090
Citation: WANG Fengchao, ZHU Hongyu, YIN Xiuli, XU Bin, LI Weizhen, LIU Huacai. The research progress of formation and control on the N-containing compound of biomass pyrolysis gas[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2023090

生物质热解气中含氮化合物形成与控制的研究进展

doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2023090
基金项目: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项课题(XDA29010400),国家自然科学基金(52106282),吉林省与中国科学院科技合作项目(2021SYHZ0014),长春市科技发展计划项目(22SH20)和工业源生物质原料燃料化应用调配成型关键技术及示范(执行)(E339010101)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Tel: 19928370279, E-mail: liuhc@ms.giec.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: X7

The research progress of formation and control on the N-containing compound of biomass pyrolysis gas

Funds: The project was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA29010400), National Natural Science Foundation of China (52106282), Science and Technology Co-operation Project between Jilin Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences (2021SYHZ0014),Changchun Science and Technology Development Plan Project (22SH20) and The Key Technology and Demonstration of Blending and Moulding for Fuel Applications of Biomass Feedstocks from Industrial Sources (Implementation) ( E339010101).
  • 摘要: 热解是利用生物质能的一种高效且经济的方式,但生物质热解气中的含氮化合物使热解气品质低且燃烧导致空气二次污染。本工作总结了生物质热解气中的含氮化合物研究现状,主要综述了典型生物质热失重行为,探讨了生物质热解气中含氮化合物的生成机理,分析了含氮化合物的分布状况和控制的研究进展。同时,指出了含氮化合物控制在实际应用中面临的困难挑战,进一步展望了含氮化合物控制工艺优化及经济性分析的重点研究方向,为生物质热解气净化提供理论依据和技术支持。
  • 图  1  生物质热失重行为曲线

    Figure  1  Thermogravimetric curves of biomass (a): pine sawdust (PS), cow dung (CD), kidney bean stura (KS) and bamboo (BA)[13]; (b): palm kernel shell[18]

    with permission from Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis and Process Safety and Environmental Protection Publications

    图  2  生物质中纤维素、半纤维素、木质素和蛋白质的热失重(a)及红外光谱谱图(b)

    Figure  2  TG (a) and FT-IR (b) curves of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and protein in biomass

    with permission from Energy Conversion and Management and Journal of the Energy Institute Publications

    图  3  蘑菇糠(MB)和玉米秸秆(CS)热失重过程中HCN和NH3的演变曲线[29]

    Figure  3  The evolution curves of HCN and NH3 during the weight loss of mushroom bran (MB) and corn stover (CS)[29] with permission from Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Publications

    图  4  含N气体分布

    Figure  4  N-containing gas distribution

    with permission from Energies and Fuel Publications

    图  5  生物质热解燃料-N转化途径(a)[53]和藻类蛋白质热解氮转化路径(b)[55]

    Figure  5  Fuel-N conversion pathway(a)[53] of biomass pyrolysis and algal protein pyrolysis nitrogen conversion pathway(b)[55]

    with permission from Chemical Engineering Journal and Environmental Science & Technology Publications

    图  6  生物质热解过程中氮迁移转化路径示意图

    Figure  6  Nitrogen migration pathway in biomass pyrolysis process

    图  7  Cu-K金属椰壳活性炭脱除NO的能力(a),( b)[68]及反应机理(c),( d)[6970]

    Figure  7  Ability of Cu-K metal coconut shell activated carbon to remove NO (a), (b)[68] and reaction mechanism (c), (d)[6970]

    with permission from Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, Catalysis Today and Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering Publications

    图  8  金属Cu和Co促进炭脱除NO的影响[71]

    Figure  8  Effect of metal Cu and Co on promoting carbon removal of NO[71]

    with permission from Applied Catalysis B: Environment and Energy Publications

    图  9  铁和钙催化剂转化NH3的循环机制[75]

    Figure  9  Cycling mechanism of iron and calcium catalysts for NH3 conversion[75]

    with permission from Fuel Publications

    图  10  大豆蛋白热解氮的迁移转化路径[76]

    Figure  10  The migration and transformation pathway of pyrolytic nitrogen of soybean protein[76]

    with permission from Waste Management Publications

    表  1  部分典型生物质化学组成

    Table  1  chemical composition of partial typical biomass

    Material Proximate analysis/% Ultimate analysis/% QHHV/(MJ·kg−1) Reference
    M V A FC N C H S Oa
    Almond shell (ar) 11.0 69.6 1.30 18.10 0.50 49.38 5.23 44.76 17.92 [12]
    Pine sawdust (ar) 1.67 84.27 1.02 13.04 0.72 34.65 4.13 45.8 [13]
    Cow dung (ar) 4.35 73.71 21.40 0.54 1.53 24.39 3.08 40.2
    Kidney bean stura (ar) 4.25 82.4 1.84 11.51 1.67 38.19 6.10 54.01
    Bamboo (ar) 3.37 71.81 16.58 8.24 0.90 27.22 3.42 43.8
    Penicillin residue(db) 78.51 8.09 13.40 8.04 48.07 6.96 0.57 36.36 19.28 [14]
    Hygromycin residue(db) 73.09 14.85 11.25 10.93 50.60 7.17 0.81 30.49 19.33
    Soybean straw(db) 77.77 5.32 16.91 1.40 46.74 6.59 0.06 45.21 [15]
    Fibreboard(db) 83.56 0.30 16.13 7.49 44.79 6.16 0.01 41.55
    Cellulose (ar) 4.76 96.66 0.05 3.34 0.00 43.44 6.42 0.00 50.14 [16]
    Hemicellulose (ar) 4.32 90.81 0.12 9.19 0.01 41.76 6.72 0.00 51.51
    Lignin (ar) 5.33 65.74 16.40 34.26 0.03 61.48 5.86 3.08 29.55
    Protein (ar) 8.78 83.25 4.59 16.75 14.90 51.07 7.72 1.12 25.19
    -: no tested,a: indicated difference calculation, ar: as received,db: dry basis.
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-30
  • 修回日期:  2024-01-07
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