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矿物质对桦甸油页岩热解产物影响特性

王擎 张宏喜 迟铭书 崔达 许祥成

王擎, 张宏喜, 迟铭书, 崔达, 许祥成. 矿物质对桦甸油页岩热解产物影响特性[J]. 燃料化学学报, 2016, 44(3): 328-334.
引用本文: 王擎, 张宏喜, 迟铭书, 崔达, 许祥成. 矿物质对桦甸油页岩热解产物影响特性[J]. 燃料化学学报, 2016, 44(3): 328-334.
WANG Qing, ZHANG Hong-xi, CHI Ming-shu, CUI Da, XU Xiang-cheng. Effect of mineral matter on product evolution during pyrolysis of Huadian oil shale[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, 2016, 44(3): 328-334.
Citation: WANG Qing, ZHANG Hong-xi, CHI Ming-shu, CUI Da, XU Xiang-cheng. Effect of mineral matter on product evolution during pyrolysis of Huadian oil shale[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, 2016, 44(3): 328-334.

矿物质对桦甸油页岩热解产物影响特性

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 51276034

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王擎, E-mail: rlx888@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TK16

Effect of mineral matter on product evolution during pyrolysis of Huadian oil shale

Funds: 

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China 51276034

  • 摘要: 对桦甸油页岩进行逐级酸洗并对原样及各级酸洗样品的热解产物进行了碳平衡计算以及气相色谱和傅里叶红外光谱实验, 得到了矿物质对油页岩热解不凝性气体、半焦以及页岩油的影响特性.结果表明, 碳酸盐可以促进有机碳和氢向页岩油中转化, 而硅酸盐对有机碳和氢向页岩油中转化具有抑制作用, 碳酸盐和硅酸盐均可以使得页岩油中氢碳原子比降低.碳酸盐促进了油页岩热解产油并抑制了干酪根向不凝气分解转化, 而硅酸盐抑制了油页岩热解产油但对干酪根向不凝气的分解转化具有促进作用.碳酸盐和硅酸盐均可以促进热解不凝气中CO2和H2的生成, 而对CO的生成具有抑制作用, 碳酸盐可以抑制热解不凝气中碳氢化合物的生成, 而硅酸盐对其生成具有促进作用.碳酸盐和硅酸盐均可以使得页岩油中脂肪链长度变短及异构化程度变大, 并能够提高干酪根热解产物的芳构化程度.
  • 图  1  油页岩与干酪根XRD谱图

    Figure  1  XRD patterns of oil shale and Kerogen

    A: apatite; C: calcite; P: pyrite; Q: quartz

    图  2  以有机碳(a) 和干燥无灰基(b) 为基准的各级酸洗样品热解产物比例分配图

    Figure  2  Pyrolysis oil, gas and water yield of oil shale after treatment with various acids on a organic carbon (a) and dry ash-free basis (b)

    图  3  各级酸洗样品不同种类热解不凝气体积浓度分配

    Figure  3  Volumetric concentration of different pyrolysis gases of oil shale after treatment with various acids

    图  4  各级酸洗样品热解页岩油分峰拟合谱图

    Figure  4  Curve-fitting FT-IR spectrum of pyrolysis oil for oil shale after treatment with various acids

    (a), (b): HD-R; (c), (d): HCl; (e), (f): HF

    表  1  桦甸油页岩工业分析及物质组成

    Table  1  Proximate analysis and composition of Huadian oil shale

    SampleProximate analysis w/%Composition of oil shale w/%
    MadAadVadFCadkerogenSOAcarbonatesilica and clay minerals
    HD-R-13.8449.1242.254.7938.180.4326.4934.90
    HD-R-23.8549.0742.494.5938.420.4426.3934.75
    SOA: soluble organics after acid treatment; kerogen: kerogen and insoluble minerals
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  样品碳和氢元素的含量

    Table  2  Content of carbon and hydrogen of samples

    SampleUltimate analysis w/%H/C
    (atomic ratio)
    CtdafCodafCcdafHdaf
    HD-R70.3366.094.249.981.812
    HCl61.1061.010.099.181.806
    HF60.9160.890.028.281.631
    HD-RC21.4820.131.351.240.742
    HClC17.6317.580.051.180.808
    HFC15.7615.760.010.640.489
    HD-RO38.5238.525.771.799
    HClO28.3528.354.481.895
    HFO37.9137.916.041.911
    daf: on a dry ash-free basis;Ctdaf: total of organic and inorganic carbon;Codaf: organic carbon;Ccdaf: inorganic carbon
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各级酸洗样品热解页岩油分峰拟合

    Table  3  Curve-fitting FT-IR spectrum results of pyrolysis oil for oil shale after treatment with various acids

    SampleRatio of curve-fitting/%
    CHCH2CH32-benzene3-benzene4-benzeneCH3/CH2ar/al
    HD-R9.3064.4620.204.371.540.1331.346.43
    HCl18.7360.4515.164.381.190.0925.086.00
    HF11.4769.3913.674.490.920.0619.705.79
    2, 3, 4-benzene:2, 3, 4 adjacent H deformation;ar/al:ratio of aromatic to aliphatic
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-08-12
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-01-23
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-30

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