## 优先发表

Co/HZSM-5 catalyst was fabricated for catalytic dehydrogenation of propane to propylene, which was pretreated to allow the reaction to react at low temperatures. A response surface approach was employed to examine the effect of process conditions on the reaction. The morphological and oxidative performance of Co/HZSM-5 was characterized by XRD, XPS, SEM, NH3-TPD, H2-TPR, and nitrogen physical absorption-desorption. Besides, the in-situ catalyst performance was evaluated by a fixed-bed reactor. Combining the actual experimental conditions, the optimal process conditions parameters obtained by the response surface method were as follows: a reaction temperature of 461 °C, a Co loading of 2.4 wt.%, and a GHSV of 4300 h−1. At this point, the propylene yield reached 27.7% and the corresponding propylene selectivity was up to 93.8 %. Co/HZSM-5 catalyst was fabricated for catalytic dehydrogenation of propane to propylene, which was pretreated to allow the reaction to react at low temperatures. A response surface approach was employed to examine the effect of process conditions on the reaction. The morphological and oxidative performance of Co/HZSM-5 was characterized by XRD, XPS, SEM, NH3-TPD, H2-TPR, and nitrogen physical absorption-desorption. Besides, the in-situ catalyst performance was evaluated by a fixed-bed reactor. Combining the actual experimental conditions, the optimal process conditions parameters obtained by the response surface method were as follows: a reaction temperature of 461 °C, a Co loading of 2.4 wt.%, and a GHSV of 4300 h−1. At this point, the propylene yield reached 27.7% and the corresponding propylene selectivity was up to 93.8 %.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022004

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022035

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022034

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022029

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022024

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022028

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022027

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022021

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022018

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022020

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021092

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022011

To address the slagging problem during coal entrained-flow bed (EFB) gasification, the influences of textile dyeing sludge (TDS) addition on the fusing characteristics of high ash fusion temperature (AFT) coal were explored under a reducing atmosphere. And the change mechanisms were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and FactSage calculation. The results showed that the flow temperature of high ash fusion temperature (AFT) coal decreased below 1380 °C when the TDS addition reached 20%−25%, which met the requirements of liquid-slag removal for EFB gasification. With the content of TDS increasing, the formations of low-melting minerals (e.g., hercyniye, anorthite, and albite) decreased AFT. The bridging oxygen bonds of the network structure were destroyed by metal ions (e.g., Fe2+, Ca2+, Na+), formation of much non-bridged oxygen (NBO) bonds relaxed the silicate network, thus decreasing the AFT. The formations of NBO bonds were confirmed by gradual decreases in the peak strengths of Si−O−Si and Si−O−Al bonds and intensified the vibration of Fe−O and Si−O−M ( M: Ca2+ or Na+) bonds. FactSage calculation results were in good agreement with the experimental ash fusion behavior. To address the slagging problem during coal entrained-flow bed (EFB) gasification, the influences of textile dyeing sludge (TDS) addition on the fusing characteristics of high ash fusion temperature (AFT) coal were explored under a reducing atmosphere. And the change mechanisms were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and FactSage calculation. The results showed that the flow temperature of high ash fusion temperature (AFT) coal decreased below 1380 °C when the TDS addition reached 20%−25%, which met the requirements of liquid-slag removal for EFB gasification. With the content of TDS increasing, the formations of low-melting minerals (e.g., hercyniye, anorthite, and albite) decreased AFT. The bridging oxygen bonds of the network structure were destroyed by metal ions (e.g., Fe2+, Ca2+, Na+), formation of much non-bridged oxygen (NBO) bonds relaxed the silicate network, thus decreasing the AFT. The formations of NBO bonds were confirmed by gradual decreases in the peak strengths of Si−O−Si and Si−O−Al bonds and intensified the vibration of Fe−O and Si−O−M ( M: Ca2+ or Na+) bonds. FactSage calculation results were in good agreement with the experimental ash fusion behavior.

A bifunctional catalyst of Ru5/ASA-TiO2 was prepared by using a novel silicon-aluminum (ASA)-TiO2 amorphous composite, which was synthesized by a steam-assisted method, as the support. X-ray diffraction (XRD), pyridine adsorption infrared (Py-FTIR), ammonia-temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and other methods were used to characterize the structure and the acidity of the prepared catalyst. Using diphenyl ether as the lignite-related model compound, the reaction activity of the Ru5/ASA-TiO2 for the catalytic hydrogenolysis of 4–O–5 type ether bonds was investigated under a mild condition. The results show that the weak acid and/or the Lewis acid rather than the strong Brønsted acid mainly contribute to improve the conversion rate and the benzene yield of the catalytic hydrogenolysis of diphenyl ether. The reaction temperature can influence the relative content of various types of acids to significantly affect the selectivity of the hydrogenolysis products of diphenyl ether. The conversion rate of diphenyl ether is greater than 98% while the benzene yield is 67.1%. A bifunctional catalyst of Ru5/ASA-TiO2 was prepared by using a novel silicon-aluminum (ASA)-TiO2 amorphous composite, which was synthesized by a steam-assisted method, as the support. X-ray diffraction (XRD), pyridine adsorption infrared (Py-FTIR), ammonia-temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and other methods were used to characterize the structure and the acidity of the prepared catalyst. Using diphenyl ether as the lignite-related model compound, the reaction activity of the Ru5/ASA-TiO2 for the catalytic hydrogenolysis of 4–O–5 type ether bonds was investigated under a mild condition. The results show that the weak acid and/or the Lewis acid rather than the strong Brønsted acid mainly contribute to improve the conversion rate and the benzene yield of the catalytic hydrogenolysis of diphenyl ether. The reaction temperature can influence the relative content of various types of acids to significantly affect the selectivity of the hydrogenolysis products of diphenyl ether. The conversion rate of diphenyl ether is greater than 98% while the benzene yield is 67.1%.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022010

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021093

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022002

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022008

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022009

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022005

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022007

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021095

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021089

As ammonia slip becomes more serious with the traditional deNOx application, ammonia-free technologies have received more and more attention recently. Cu-K bimetal loaded activated carbon catalysts were prepared by equivalent-volume impregnation method for the direct reduction of NO and showed good NO reduction performance in a wide temperature range under temperature-programmed surface reactions (TPSRs) conditions in aerobic and anaerobic environments. The catalysts were characterized by BET, SEM, XRD, XPS, H2-TPR, Raman and FT-IR techniques and the NO reduction mechanism was analyzed. Experimental results show that the active functional groups formed on the surface of activated carbon are the important intermediate products and play a key role in the reduction reaction. The presence of O2 greatly promotes the formation of the intermediate, C(O) (Oxygen-containing functional groups on the carbon surface), leading to the increase reduction rate of NO. The bimetallic oxides catalysts are obviously effective to directly reduce NO. When the ratio of copper: potassium is 2∶1, the NO reduction efficiency is about 90% at 300 °C. The catalytic activity mainly depends on the redox cycle of CuO/Cu2O, and the potassium inhibits the agglomeration of copper on the surface of carbon materials and enhances the catalytic reactivity of Cu. As ammonia slip becomes more serious with the traditional deNOx application, ammonia-free technologies have received more and more attention recently. Cu-K bimetal loaded activated carbon catalysts were prepared by equivalent-volume impregnation method for the direct reduction of NO and showed good NO reduction performance in a wide temperature range under temperature-programmed surface reactions (TPSRs) conditions in aerobic and anaerobic environments. The catalysts were characterized by BET, SEM, XRD, XPS, H2-TPR, Raman and FT-IR techniques and the NO reduction mechanism was analyzed. Experimental results show that the active functional groups formed on the surface of activated carbon are the important intermediate products and play a key role in the reduction reaction. The presence of O2 greatly promotes the formation of the intermediate, C(O) (Oxygen-containing functional groups on the carbon surface), leading to the increase reduction rate of NO. The bimetallic oxides catalysts are obviously effective to directly reduce NO. When the ratio of copper: potassium is 2∶1, the NO reduction efficiency is about 90% at 300 °C. The catalytic activity mainly depends on the redox cycle of CuO/Cu2O, and the potassium inhibits the agglomeration of copper on the surface of carbon materials and enhances the catalytic reactivity of Cu.

The activation of C−H bonds of CH4 is a key step for the conversion of methane to chemical commodities. Loading Ni onto ZrO2 is regarded as a relatively efficient way to harness the beneficial electronic property and the fine dispersion of the Ni catalyst for CH4 dissociation. Herein we demonstrate the crucial role of Ni13 catalyst supported on ZrO2 for the dissociation of CH4. The density functional theory (DFT) results show that the ZrO2 supported Ni13 stabilizes all species better and facilitates CH4 activation. The stepwise dehydrogenations of CH4 on Ni13-ZrO2(111) exhibits longer C−H bond lengths of ISs , lower Ea, and smaller displacements between the detaching H and the remaining CHx fragment in TSs . In addition, they are also thermodynamically more feasible. However, without the ZrO2 support on Ni13, the opposite results are obtained. Consequently, the ZrO2 modified Ni13 is more superior to the original Ni13 in CH4 dehydrogenation. The electronic analysis combining DFT calculations confirmed that the larger overlap between C 2p and Ni 3d, and the electron transfer of Ni→C cause the weaker C 2p−H 1s hybridization. In addition, the reduction of electron transfer of H→C leads to a stronger interaction between Ni and C along with a weak C−H bond. Hence, the ZrO2 support serves as the d-band electron reservoir at Ni13 and it is benefit to the activation of C−H bonds in CH4 dehydrogenation. The activation of C−H bonds of CH4 is a key step for the conversion of methane to chemical commodities. Loading Ni onto ZrO2 is regarded as a relatively efficient way to harness the beneficial electronic property and the fine dispersion of the Ni catalyst for CH4 dissociation. Herein we demonstrate the crucial role of Ni13 catalyst supported on ZrO2 for the dissociation of CH4. The density functional theory (DFT) results show that the ZrO2 supported Ni13 stabilizes all species better and facilitates CH4 activation. The stepwise dehydrogenations of CH4 on Ni13-ZrO2(111) exhibits longer C−H bond lengths of ISs , lower Ea, and smaller displacements between the detaching H and the remaining CHx fragment in TSs . In addition, they are also thermodynamically more feasible. However, without the ZrO2 support on Ni13, the opposite results are obtained. Consequently, the ZrO2 modified Ni13 is more superior to the original Ni13 in CH4 dehydrogenation. The electronic analysis combining DFT calculations confirmed that the larger overlap between C 2p and Ni 3d, and the electron transfer of Ni→C cause the weaker C 2p−H 1s hybridization. In addition, the reduction of electron transfer of H→C leads to a stronger interaction between Ni and C along with a weak C−H bond. Hence, the ZrO2 support serves as the d-band electron reservoir at Ni13 and it is benefit to the activation of C−H bonds in CH4 dehydrogenation.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021088

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021094

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022006

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022019

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022015

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022003

Metal oxide - zeolite (OX-ZEO) bifunctional catalysts have been shown to have excellent aromatic selectivity and catalytic stability in syngas conversion; however, low CO conversion hinders their further development. In this paper, a series of In-ZrO2 bi-metallic oxides with In/Zr molar ratio ranging of 1/100~1/1 were prepared. After thoroughly investigated by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, pyridine-adsorbed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance and temperature programmed desorption technologies, we found that introduction of indium has significantly influence on the catalytic performance due to the variation of sample’s physicochemical properties. Indium species was benefit to the dissociation of H2 that promotes CO activation. Nevertheless, it also induced the formation of more CH4. In-ZrO2 oxide with In/Zr ratio of 1/50 showed CO conversion of 18.2% with the selectivity of oxygenates of 86.4%. After combined with H-ZSM-5, In/Zr=1/50&H-ZSM-5 gave CO conversion of 46.5% with \begin{document}${\rm{C}}_5^ +$\end{document} selectivity of 62.6% and the aromatic selectivity in \begin{document}${\rm{C}}_5^ +$\end{document} reached 93.4%. However, the catalytic stability of this bifunctional catalyst was gradually decreased due to the aggregation of indium atoms. Metal oxide - zeolite (OX-ZEO) bifunctional catalysts have been shown to have excellent aromatic selectivity and catalytic stability in syngas conversion; however, low CO conversion hinders their further development. In this paper, a series of In-ZrO2 bi-metallic oxides with In/Zr molar ratio ranging of 1/100~1/1 were prepared. After thoroughly investigated by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, pyridine-adsorbed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance and temperature programmed desorption technologies, we found that introduction of indium has significantly influence on the catalytic performance due to the variation of sample’s physicochemical properties. Indium species was benefit to the dissociation of H2 that promotes CO activation. Nevertheless, it also induced the formation of more CH4. In-ZrO2 oxide with In/Zr ratio of 1/50 showed CO conversion of 18.2% with the selectivity of oxygenates of 86.4%. After combined with H-ZSM-5, In/Zr=1/50&H-ZSM-5 gave CO conversion of 46.5% with ${\rm{C}}_5^ +$ selectivity of 62.6% and the aromatic selectivity in ${\rm{C}}_5^ +$ reached 93.4%. However, the catalytic stability of this bifunctional catalyst was gradually decreased due to the aggregation of indium atoms.

The co-combustion of the low-rank coal with coal derived semi-coke is of great significance to solve the urgent problem of excessively produced semi-coke in China. In this research, the oxy-fuel co-combustion characteristics of Zhundong sub-bituminous coal with bituminous coal derived semi-coke are systematically investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. Compared with air combustion, oxy-fuel atmosphere increased the ignition and burnout temperature by 10 ℃ and 40 ℃, respectively. Increasing the oxygen concentration to 30% strongly compensated for the slight reduction of the combustion parameters under oxy-fuel condition and much better co-combustion performance was obtained. Three iso-conversional methods, namely, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO), Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Starink, were applied to estimate the activation energy, which can be divided into two stages during the co-combustion process. The average activation energy of sub-bituminous coal, the blend and semi-coke were 49.31 kg/mol−1 50.82 kg/mol−1 and 59.00 kg/mol−1, respectively. Further, the pre-exponential factor and thermodynamic parameters of the enthalpy change, Gibbs free energy change and entropy change were calculated. Interaction indices were innovatively used for both kinetic-thermodynamic parameters and DTG values. An obvious interaction can be observed during the co-combustion process. The kinetic and thermodynamic results demonstrated that the 30% semi-coke ratio was beneficial to co-combustion. Meanwhile, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and ash fusion analyses proved that the slagging tendency of sub-bituminous coal ash reduced by blending of semi-coke. The co-combustion of the low-rank coal with coal derived semi-coke is of great significance to solve the urgent problem of excessively produced semi-coke in China. In this research, the oxy-fuel co-combustion characteristics of Zhundong sub-bituminous coal with bituminous coal derived semi-coke are systematically investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. Compared with air combustion, oxy-fuel atmosphere increased the ignition and burnout temperature by 10 ℃ and 40 ℃, respectively. Increasing the oxygen concentration to 30% strongly compensated for the slight reduction of the combustion parameters under oxy-fuel condition and much better co-combustion performance was obtained. Three iso-conversional methods, namely, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO), Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Starink, were applied to estimate the activation energy, which can be divided into two stages during the co-combustion process. The average activation energy of sub-bituminous coal, the blend and semi-coke were 49.31 kg/mol−1 50.82 kg/mol−1 and 59.00 kg/mol−1, respectively. Further, the pre-exponential factor and thermodynamic parameters of the enthalpy change, Gibbs free energy change and entropy change were calculated. Interaction indices were innovatively used for both kinetic-thermodynamic parameters and DTG values. An obvious interaction can be observed during the co-combustion process. The kinetic and thermodynamic results demonstrated that the 30% semi-coke ratio was beneficial to co-combustion. Meanwhile, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and ash fusion analyses proved that the slagging tendency of sub-bituminous coal ash reduced by blending of semi-coke.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021090

To explore the catalytic performance of three perovskites (LaBO3--LaCoO3, LaFeO3, LaNiO3), the experimental characterization methods (GC−MS, FT−IR, elemental analysis) and DFT calculation were combined for researching liquefaction of lignin. The effects of time, temperature, catalyst dosage and B cation on the conversion rate, bio-oil yield and bio-oil component distribution were investigated. The results showed that all the three catalysts could promoted the liquefaction of lignin to produce aromatic compounds. Among them, LaCoO3 had the greatest promoting on bio-oil yield, and the highest bio-oil yield of 67.20wt% was obtained at 180 °C for 60 min over 5wt% LaCoO3, followed by LaNiO3 and LaFeO3. The relative content of mono-aromatic compounds reached 89.59% under LaCoO3. Mechanism studies suggested that the adsorption of oxygen atoms on the surface of LaBO3 crystal with lignin reduced the dissociation energy of bonds of lignin. Moreover, LaCoO3 had moderate redox capacity, largest adsorption energy, loose and porous morphology, which could effectively promoted the fracture of C−C and CAr−OCH3 of lignin, so that achieved macromolecular depolymerization and demethoxylation reaction to produce high value-added compounds such as phenol. To explore the catalytic performance of three perovskites (LaBO3--LaCoO3, LaFeO3, LaNiO3), the experimental characterization methods (GC−MS, FT−IR, elemental analysis) and DFT calculation were combined for researching liquefaction of lignin. The effects of time, temperature, catalyst dosage and B cation on the conversion rate, bio-oil yield and bio-oil component distribution were investigated. The results showed that all the three catalysts could promoted the liquefaction of lignin to produce aromatic compounds. Among them, LaCoO3 had the greatest promoting on bio-oil yield, and the highest bio-oil yield of 67.20wt% was obtained at 180 °C for 60 min over 5wt% LaCoO3, followed by LaNiO3 and LaFeO3. The relative content of mono-aromatic compounds reached 89.59% under LaCoO3. Mechanism studies suggested that the adsorption of oxygen atoms on the surface of LaBO3 crystal with lignin reduced the dissociation energy of bonds of lignin. Moreover, LaCoO3 had moderate redox capacity, largest adsorption energy, loose and porous morphology, which could effectively promoted the fracture of C−C and CAr−OCH3 of lignin, so that achieved macromolecular depolymerization and demethoxylation reaction to produce high value-added compounds such as phenol.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022012

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022001

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2021096

Herein, SiO2 supported metallic Ni (Ni/SiO2) and bimetallic Ni-Zn (NixZn/SiO2) (x represents the Ni/Zn atomic ratio) catalysts were prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method and their activities were tested in vapor phase hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of anisole under 0.1 MPa. It has been found The characterization results show that the Ni-Zn alloy forms in NixZn/SiO2 after reduction at 550 °C, and the a suitable Ni/Zn atomic ratio (30) leads to smaller metal crystallites alloy particle size and consequently more H2 adsorption amount than others. In the HDO reaction, the formation of Ni-Zn alloy facilitates the direct deoxygenation pathway and suppresses CO methanation and C−C bond hydrogenolysis, which is ascribed to the isolation effect of the Ni atoms by the oxophilic Zn ones. Ni30Zn/SiO2 gives not only higher anisole conversion but also higher selectivity to benzene than Ni/SiO2. Therefore, the introduction of a suitable amount of oxophilic Zn in Ni/SiO2 promotes the HDO of anisole to benzene. Finally, we suggest propose that the Ni30Zn/SiO2 deactivation is related to the surface oxidation of Ni-Zn alloy and carbonaceous deposit carbon deposition on the catalyst surface. Herein, SiO2 supported metallic Ni (Ni/SiO2) and bimetallic Ni-Zn (NixZn/SiO2) (x represents the Ni/Zn atomic ratio) catalysts were prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method and their activities were tested in vapor phase hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of anisole under 0.1 MPa. It has been found The characterization results show that the Ni-Zn alloy forms in NixZn/SiO2 after reduction at 550 °C, and the a suitable Ni/Zn atomic ratio (30) leads to smaller metal crystallites alloy particle size and consequently more H2 adsorption amount than others. In the HDO reaction, the formation of Ni-Zn alloy facilitates the direct deoxygenation pathway and suppresses CO methanation and C−C bond hydrogenolysis, which is ascribed to the isolation effect of the Ni atoms by the oxophilic Zn ones. Ni30Zn/SiO2 gives not only higher anisole conversion but also higher selectivity to benzene than Ni/SiO2. Therefore, the introduction of a suitable amount of oxophilic Zn in Ni/SiO2 promotes the HDO of anisole to benzene. Finally, we suggest propose that the Ni30Zn/SiO2 deactivation is related to the surface oxidation of Ni-Zn alloy and carbonaceous deposit carbon deposition on the catalyst surface.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022037

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022036

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022033

Oxidation treated carbon materials for the exploitation of efficient and stable loaded catalysts have been proven to be valid. The surfaces of carbon aerogels (CA) were functionalized with different oxidizing agents, H2O2 and HNO3. A series of Ru-supported catalysts were prepared by impregnation on carbon aerogel (CA) with/without functionalized. The impact of oxidation treatment on the texture features of carbon aerogels, the types and contents of formed surface oxygen-containing functional groups, the metal-support interactions and the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction performance of the catalysts were systematically investigated using XRD, Raman spectra, N2-physisorption, H2-TPR, FTIR and XPS. The experimental results showed that Ru/CA catalyst displayed the highest initial activity but poor stability. In contrast, the Ru/CA-H2O2 catalyst exhibited excellent activity and C5+ selectivity. Characterization results demonstrated that the oxidation treatment increased the carbon aerogels defects, thereby enhanced the specific surface area. The increased content of oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface enhanced the interaction between the support and Ru nanoparticles and improved the stability of the catalyst. Nevertheless, the excessive oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface decrease the activity and C5+ selectivity of carbon aerogels-loaded Ru catalysts. Oxidation treated carbon materials for the exploitation of efficient and stable loaded catalysts have been proven to be valid. The surfaces of carbon aerogels (CA) were functionalized with different oxidizing agents, H2O2 and HNO3. A series of Ru-supported catalysts were prepared by impregnation on carbon aerogel (CA) with/without functionalized. The impact of oxidation treatment on the texture features of carbon aerogels, the types and contents of formed surface oxygen-containing functional groups, the metal-support interactions and the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction performance of the catalysts were systematically investigated using XRD, Raman spectra, N2-physisorption, H2-TPR, FTIR and XPS. The experimental results showed that Ru/CA catalyst displayed the highest initial activity but poor stability. In contrast, the Ru/CA-H2O2 catalyst exhibited excellent activity and C5+ selectivity. Characterization results demonstrated that the oxidation treatment increased the carbon aerogels defects, thereby enhanced the specific surface area. The increased content of oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface enhanced the interaction between the support and Ru nanoparticles and improved the stability of the catalyst. Nevertheless, the excessive oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface decrease the activity and C5+ selectivity of carbon aerogels-loaded Ru catalysts.

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022032

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022031

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022030

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022026

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022025

CO2电催化还原合成高附加值燃料为CO2转化利用提供了一条可持续发展的途径。然而，开发具有优异催化活性和产物选择性的电催化剂仍面临巨大的挑战。本文制备了铜改性黄铁矿催化剂CuxFe1-xS2，采用XRD、XPS、SEM等表征分析方法研究了催化剂的物理化学性质，并研究了催化剂的CO2电催化还原活性和产物选择性。实验结果表明，Cu掺杂可以调控催化剂纳米片的尺寸，同时可以抑制FeS2在空气中的氧化。Cu0.33Fe0.67S2比FeS2表现出更好的催化反应活性，在−1.5−−1.6 V vs. RHE范围内，CO2电催化还原的含碳产物法拉第效率为50.8%，电流密度为23.8 mA·cm−2。相比于FeS2催化剂，电流密度提高了71.2%。Cu0.09Fe0.91S2在−1.3 V vs. RHE下生成C3H6的法拉第效率为21.8%，显著高于目前文献中已报道的数值。因此，CuxFe1-xS2是一种比较有前景的CO2电催化还原催化剂。 CO2电催化还原合成高附加值燃料为CO2转化利用提供了一条可持续发展的途径。然而，开发具有优异催化活性和产物选择性的电催化剂仍面临巨大的挑战。本文制备了铜改性黄铁矿催化剂CuxFe1-xS2，采用XRD、XPS、SEM等表征分析方法研究了催化剂的物理化学性质，并研究了催化剂的CO2电催化还原活性和产物选择性。实验结果表明，Cu掺杂可以调控催化剂纳米片的尺寸，同时可以抑制FeS2在空气中的氧化。Cu0.33Fe0.67S2比FeS2表现出更好的催化反应活性，在−1.5−−1.6 V vs. RHE范围内，CO2电催化还原的含碳产物法拉第效率为50.8%，电流密度为23.8 mA·cm−2。相比于FeS2催化剂，电流密度提高了71.2%。Cu0.09Fe0.91S2在−1.3 V vs. RHE下生成C3H6的法拉第效率为21.8%，显著高于目前文献中已报道的数值。因此，CuxFe1-xS2是一种比较有前景的CO2电催化还原催化剂。

, doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022023