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淀粉类餐厨垃圾化学转化制备高值化学品

张璇 李克明 黄志濠 黄耀兵 杨世关 李继红 王体朋

张璇, 李克明, 黄志濠, 黄耀兵, 杨世关, 李继红, 王体朋. 淀粉类餐厨垃圾化学转化制备高值化学品[J]. 燃料化学学报(中英文). doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2024028
引用本文: 张璇, 李克明, 黄志濠, 黄耀兵, 杨世关, 李继红, 王体朋. 淀粉类餐厨垃圾化学转化制备高值化学品[J]. 燃料化学学报(中英文). doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2024028
ZHANG Xuan, LI Keming, HUANG Zhihao, HUANG Yaobing, YANG Shiguan, LI Jihong, WANG Tipeng. Production of high-value chemicals from starch food waste by chemical conversions[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2024028
Citation: ZHANG Xuan, LI Keming, HUANG Zhihao, HUANG Yaobing, YANG Shiguan, LI Jihong, WANG Tipeng. Production of high-value chemicals from starch food waste by chemical conversions[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2024028

淀粉类餐厨垃圾化学转化制备高值化学品

doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2024028
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (52276189, 51821004)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail: hyb123@mail.ustc.edu.cn

  • #:共同第一作者
  • 中图分类号: TK6

Production of high-value chemicals from starch food waste by chemical conversions

Funds: The project was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (52276189, 51821004).
  • 摘要: 餐厨垃圾是城市垃圾的主要组成部分,同时具有危害性与资源性双重属性。工业化餐厨垃圾处理方法主要以填埋、焚烧发电和厌氧发酵为主,高值化利用方法和技术仍然欠缺,严重制约了餐厨垃圾的资源化发展。本工作首先介绍了淀粉类餐厨垃圾的特性、现有处理技术及预处理方法,并对当前技术手段的优劣进行阐述。最后,介绍了淀粉类餐厨垃圾制备葡萄糖、5-羟甲基糠醛、乙酰丙酸(酯)、γ-戊内酯和乳酸(酯)等高附加值化学品的方法和反应机理,归纳并总结了化学法催化淀粉类餐厨垃圾转化制备高附加值化学品依旧存在的问题与不足。尽管如此,化学转化法是实现淀粉类餐厨垃圾绿色、资源化利用的有效手段之一。
    1)  #:共同第一作者
  • 图  1  直链淀粉和支链淀粉结构示意图

    Figure  1  Structure of linear and branched starch

    图  2  厨余垃圾组成及处理利用方式

    Figure  2  Composition and treatment of food wastes

    图  3  酸催化淀粉水解制葡萄糖示意图

    Figure  3  Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of starch to glucose

    图  4  淀粉制备HMF的反应路径示意图

    Figure  4  Reaction pathway for the preparation of HMF from starch

    图  5  淀粉水解生产乙酰丙酸反应路径示意图

    Figure  5  Reaction pathway for starch hydrolysis to produce LA

    图  6  淀粉醇解制备乙酰丙酸乙酯反应路径示意图

    Figure  6  Reaction pathway for starch alcoholysis to produce ethyl levulinate

    图  7  淀粉转化制备GVL串联反应路径示意图

    Figure  7  Tandem reaction pathway for the conversion of starch to produce GVL

    图  8  淀粉转化制备乳酸(酯)的反应路径示意图

    Figure  8  Reaction pathway for conversion of starch to produce lactic acid (ester)

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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-28
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-06
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