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碳化铁的制备及其在费托合成中的应用研究进展

陈治平 张智 周文武 杨志远 周安宁

陈治平, 张智, 周文武, 杨志远, 周安宁. 碳化铁的制备及其在费托合成中的应用研究进展[J]. 燃料化学学报. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022047
引用本文: 陈治平, 张智, 周文武, 杨志远, 周安宁. 碳化铁的制备及其在费托合成中的应用研究进展[J]. 燃料化学学报. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022047
CHEN Zhi-ping, ZHANG Zhi, ZHOU Wen-wu, YANG Zhi-yuan, ZHOU An-ning. Preparation of iron carbide and its application in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022047
Citation: CHEN Zhi-ping, ZHANG Zhi, ZHOU Wen-wu, YANG Zhi-yuan, ZHOU An-ning. Preparation of iron carbide and its application in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology. doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022047

碳化铁的制备及其在费托合成中的应用研究进展

doi: 10.19906/j.cnki.JFCT.2022047
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21706206; 21908174; 22178283),陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2020JM-517)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:cupczp@163.com(陈治平)

  • 中图分类号: O643.36;X773

Preparation of iron carbide and its application in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

Funds: The project was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21706206; 21908174; 22178283) and Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi (2020JM-517).
  • 摘要: 费托合成是合成气转化为清洁液体燃料和高附加值化学品的最佳途径和发展方向。铁基催化剂在费托合成反应中应用广泛,研究表明碳化铁是Fe基费托合成催化剂的活性相,近年来,制备碳化铁直接用于费托合成已成为Fe基费托合成催化剂研究的热点。本文概述了碳化铁的物相类型,综述了碳化铁的制备的方法(主要包括湿化学合成法、热处理渗碳法,铁基金属有机骨架材料热解法、溶胶凝胶法)及其在费托合成中的应用,并对碳化铁在费托合成中的应用前景和研究方向进行了展望。
  • 图  1  Fe5C2纳米粒子形成机制示意图[40].

    Figure  1  Schematic diagram of the formation mechanism of Fe5C2 nanoparticles[40].

    图  2  碳材料支撑的Fe3O4@Fe5C2核-壳结构纳米颗粒。圆柱体代表碳载体,红球代表Fe3O4[50].

    Figure  2  The core-shell structure is supported by carbon materials. The cylinder represents the carbon carrier, and the red ball represents Fe3O4[50].

    图  3  (a)和(b)纳米级MIL-88 B-NH3和氯化萘的透射电镜照片;(c)氯化萘的HRTEM照片;(d)N2吸附氯化萘的解吸等温线,插图是相应的孔径分布;(e)氯化萘的XRD图谱;(f)氯化萘的拉曼光谱[52].

    Figure  3  (a) and (b) TEM images of nano-scale MIL-88 B-NH3 and chlorinated naphthalene; (c) HRTEM image of chlorinated naphthalene; (d) desorption isotherm of N2 adsorption of chlorinated naphthalene, inset Is the corresponding pore size distribution; (e) XRD pattern of chlorinated naphthalene; (f) Raman spectrum of chlorinated naphthalene[52].

    图  4  不同铁基催化剂上CO转化率和碳化铁含量的关系

    Figure  4  CO Conversion and iron carbide content as a function of various iron based catalysts based on Mössbauer parameters[83].

    图  5  Fe5C2@CMK-3纳米催化剂制备示意图[86].

    Figure  5  Synthetic scheme of Fe5C2@CMK-3 nanocatalyst[86].

    图  6  K-Fe5C2/Al2O3和无K的Fe5C2/Al2O3纳米催化剂上低碳烯烃(LAO)生成示意图[96].

    Figure  6  Brief scheme for LAO formation over K-Fe5C2/Al2O3 and K-free Fe5C2/Al2O3 nanocatalysts: The combination of high space velocity condition and potassium as an alkali promoter on iron-carbide leads to decreased secondary hydrogenation of olefins and increased carbon coupling reaction[96].

    表  1  不同铁碳比制得的碳化铁的FTO反应性能[94]

    Table  1  FTO reaction performance of iron carbide with different iron carbon ratios[94]

    催化剂CO转化率/%CO2选择性/%O/P
    烯/烷比
    烃分布/%
    CH4C2=−C4=C20−C40C5+
    Fe/C=2/694.7938.751.4526.0934.7624.0015.30
    Fe/C=2/395.3440.211.4831.6536.4824.697.19
    Fe/C=2/195.9439.971.5629.2937.1723.849.70
    评价条件:H2/CO(v/v) = 1.5, 反应压力1 MPa, 反应温度320 ℃,GHSV = 12000 h−1.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-15
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